On March 6, 1857, in its Dred Scott decision, the Supreme Court held that Scott, a slave, could not sue for his freedom in a federal court.
The opinion of the Supreme Court in the Dred Scott Case was delivered by Chief Justice Taney. It was a full and elaborate statement of the views of the Court. They have decided the following important points:
First – Negroes, whether slaves or free, that is, men of the African race, are not citizens of the United States by the Constitution.
Second – The Ordinance of 1787 had no independent constitutional force or legal effect subsequently to the adoption of the Constitution, and could not operate of itself to confer freedom or citizenship within the Northwest Territory on negroes not citizens by the Constitution.
Third – The provisions of the Act of 1820, commonly called the Missouri Compromise, in so far as it undertook to exclude negro slavery from, and communicate freedom and citizenship to, negroes in the northern part of the Louisiana cession, was a Legislative act exceeding the powers of Congress, and void, and of no legal effect to that end.
Posted in Black History, Civil Rights, Front Page News, History, On This Day, On This Day in History, Race Relations, Slavery
Tagged 1857, African, American History, Black History, Dred Scott, Freedom, Front Page, March 6, Missouri Compromise, Negro Slavery, Negroes, New York Daily Times, New York Times, news, northwest territory, not citizens, Slave, Supreme Court, United States Constitution
On Nov. 13, 1956, the Supreme Court struck down laws calling for racial segregation on public buses.
“The Court affirmed a ruling by a three-judge Federal court that held the challenged statutes ‘violate the due process and equal protection clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.’
The Fourteenth Amendment provides that no state shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law nor deny to any citizen the equal protection of the laws.
[Officials of several Southern states indicated they would continue to enforce bus segregation laws despite the court’s decision. Segregationist leaders were bitter in their denunciations of the court and its ruling.]”
Posted in Civil Rights, On This Day, On This Day in History, Race Relations
Tagged 1956, bus, Civil Rights, Front Page, New York Times, November 13, On This Day, race relations, Segregation, Supreme Court
On April 20, 1971, the United States Supreme Court upheld the use of busing to achieve racial desegregation in schools.
Posted in Black History, Civil Rights, History, On This Day, On This Day in History, Race Relations
Tagged 1971, Busing, desegregation, Front Page, New York Times, race relations, schools, Supreme Court