On Jan. 22, 1973, the Supreme Court overruled all state laws that prohibited or restricted a woman’s right to obtain an abortion during her first three months of pregnancy. The vote was 7 to 2.
In a historic resolution of a fiercely controversial issue, the Court drafted a new set of national guidelines that would result in broadly liberalized anti-abortion laws in 46 states but would not abolish restrictions altogether.
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On November 4, 2008, Barack Hussein Obama was elected the 44th president of the United States, sweeping away the last racial barrier in American politics with ease as the country chose him as it’s first black chief executive.
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Tagged African American firsts, barack obama, First Black President, front page news, History, New York Times, On This Day
On March 25, 1965, the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. led 25,000 marchers to the state capitol in Montgomery, Ala., to protest the denial of voting rights to blacks.
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Tagged 000 marchers, 1965, 25, Alabama, blacks, front page news, March 25, Montgomery, New York Times, Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., State Capitol, voting rights
On March 7, 1965, a march by civil rights demonstrators was broken up in Selma, Ala., by state troopers and a sheriff’s posse.
Alabama state troopers and volunteer officers of the Dallas County sheriff’s office tore through a column of Negro demonstrators with tear gas, nightsticks and whips to enforce Gov. George C. Wallace’s order against a protest march from Selma to Montgomery.
At least 17 Negroes were hospitalized with injuries and about 40 more were given emergency treatment for minor injuries and tear gas effects.
The Negroes reportedly fought back with bricks and bottles at one point as they were pushed back into the Negro community, far away from most of a squad of reporters and photographers who had been restrained by the officers.
[In Washington the Justice Department announced that agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation in Selma had been directed to make a full and prompt investigation and to gather evidence whether “unnecessary force was used by law officers and others” in halting the march.]
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Tagged 1965, Alabama, American History, Black History, Civil Rights, demonstrators, front page news, March 7, marchers, Negroes, New York Times, night sticks, police brutality, Selma, tear gas, unnecessary force, whips